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Notes

1.    “History Repeats Itself,” by William D. Middleton, Railway Age, May, 2001, p.45 [Back]

2.    Smithsonian, February, 1993, taken from “Other Voices and Links,” Cincinnati Street Railway web site at http://isoservices.com/CSR-Org/voices.htm  [Back]

3.    ibid.  [Back]

4.    This table was inspired by a similar one in Transportation Research Record No.1361, Light Rail Transit, “Vintage Trolleys: A National Overview” by S. David Phraner (Transportation Research Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1992) Table 4 on p. 326  [Back]

5.    Middleton, op. cit., p.47 [Back]

6.    “New Life for Old Trolleys,” by Frank J. Prila, New York Times, December 9, 2001 [Back]

7.    Mass Transit, May/June 1993, taken from “Other Voices and Links,” Cincinnati Street Railway web site at http://isoservices.com/CSR-Org/voices.htm  [Back]

8.     “Vintage Trolleys on San Francisco’s F Line: A West Coast Perspective,” by Paul M. Weyrich and William S. Lind, The New New Electric Railway Journal, on Free Congress Foundation web site at http://www.freecongress.org/fcf/, March 2000 [Back]

9.    Above figures from Middleton, op. cit., 46-52 [Back]

10.  Vintage Trolley web site at http://www.railwaypreservation.com/vintagetrolley/ vintagetrolley.htm, April 6, 2001 [Back]

11.  Calculated by APTA from 1996 National Transit Database data, December 17, 1998 [Back]

12.  For a refutation of Cox and company, see Twelve Anti-Transit Myths: A Conservative Critique by Paul M. Weyrich and William S. Lind, Free Congress Foundation, Washington, D.C., 2001 [Back]

13.  “McKinney Avenue Transit Authority Experience,” by Frank A. Schultz III and John B. McCall, Transportation Research Record No.1361, Light Rail Transit (Transportation Research Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1992) p.349 [Back]

14.  ibid., p.350 [Back]

15.  ibid.,p.351 [Back]

16.  ibid., p.352 [Back]

17.  ibid., p.350 [Back]

18.  ibid., p.354 [Back]

19.  ibid., p.354 [Back]

20.  Information from MATA, February 5, 2002 [Back].

21.  Memphis Trolley System: Transportation Link and Development Tool, by Thomas D. Fox, paper presented at the 8th Joint Conference on Light Rail Transit, Nov. 11-15, 2000, Dallas, Texas, p.2 [Back]

22.  ibid., p.6 [Back]

23.  ibid., p.8 [Back]

24.  ibid., p.8 [Back]

25.  ibid., p.2 [Back]

26.  ibid., p.6 [Back]

27.  ibid.,p.5 and 6 [Back]

28.  op. cit., APTA memo, attachment 4 [Back]

29.  op. cit., Fox, p.10 [Back]

30.  Information provided to authors by MATA [Back]

31.  Portland Streetcar Project Elements, March, 2001, unpublished paper, p.1 [Back]

32.  Portland Central City Streetcar Line, by Charles Hales and Thomas B. Furmaniak, paper presented to the 8th Joint Conference on Light Rail Transit, Nov. 11 - 15, 2000, Dallas, Texas, p.1 [Back]

33.  op. cit., Portland Streetcar Project Elements, p.2 [Back]

34.  Portland Streetcar Project, City of Portland Office of Transportation, March, 2001, p.2-3 [Back]

35.  “Back on Track,” special section in The Oregonian, article “Streetcar of Dreams” by Gordon Oliver, July 20, 2001, p.4 [Back]

36.  A Trolley Honeymoon from Delaware to Maine, by Clinton W. Lucas (The M.W. Hazen Company, New York, (no date)) pp.21-22, 60 [Back]

37.  Material from Gomaco Trolley Company web site at www.gomacotrolley.com, April 5, 2001 [Back]

 

 
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